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Learn More About Periodontics


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Periodontics is a specialized field of dentistry that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums, bone, and periodontal ligaments. The term "periodontics" is derived from two Greek words, "peri" (around) and "odous" (tooth), emphasizing its focus on the tissues around the teeth.

Key aspects of periodontics include:

1.     Periodontal Disease: Periodontists are experts in treating periodontal (gum) disease, which includes gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis (advanced gum disease). These conditions can lead to gum recession, tooth mobility, and even tooth loss if left untreated.

2.     Diagnosis: Periodontists use various diagnostic tools and techniques to assess the health of the gums and supporting structures, such as periodontal probing, X-rays, and visual examinations.

3.     Scaling and Root Planing: A common non-surgical treatment for gum disease involves removing dental plaque and tartar (calculus) from the tooth surfaces (scaling) and smoothing the root surfaces (root planing) to promote gum tissue healing.

4.     Surgical Procedures: Periodontists perform surgical procedures when necessary to treat advanced gum disease or to regenerate lost or damaged bone and gum tissues. These procedures may include gum grafts, bone grafts, pocket reduction surgery, and dental implant placement.

5.     Maintenance: Periodontal maintenance involves regular check-ups and cleanings to monitor and maintain the health of the gums and supporting structures. This is crucial for managing chronic periodontal conditions.

6.     Cosmetic Periodontal Procedures: Periodontists also offer cosmetic procedures such as gum contouring and crown lengthening to improve the appearance of the gums and teeth.

7.     Dental Implants: Periodontists are often involved in dental implant placement and the management of the surrounding tissues. Dental implants are artificial tooth roots used to support dental prosthetics like crowns, bridges, and dentures.

8.     Patient Education: Periodontists educate patients on proper oral hygiene practices and provide guidance on how to prevent and manage periodontal disease.

Periodontal health is essential for maintaining overall oral health and the longevity of natural teeth. Untreated periodontal disease can lead to serious complications, including tooth loss and systemic health issues, making the expertise of periodontists invaluable in preserving dental and overall well-being.

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